George Carwardine (1887 - 1947) didn't need to invent the Anglepoise lamp to make his name; he was already a practicing engineer of some note, specialising in vehicle suspension systems. In 1929, to explore a longstanding fascination with spring and lever based mechanisms, he began work on the design that would later become his legacy. By 1932, Carwardine was ready to unveil his remarkable invention - a 4-spring lamp, combining unprecedented freedom of movement and perfect balance due to its patented constant spring mechanism. Not long after, the Anglepoise name was registered and in 1935 a 3-spring Anglepoise lamp was released. This was the Original 1227 - the same design produced to this day. Carwardine developed numerous variations on the original Anglepoise design but it's the enduring Original 1227 model that remains the archetypal Anglepoise lamp, and with it, an iconic British design.